revised
6/22/2017

Publications

The following publications describe research, implementation and/or recommendations about the ESI as a tool for emergency department triage:

  1. Platts-Mills TF, Travers D, Biese K, McCall B, Kizer S, LaMantia M, Busby-Whitehead J, Cairns CB. (2010). Accuracy of the Emergency Severity Index triage instrument for identifying elder emergency department patients receiving an immediate life-saving intervention. Academic Emergency Medicine,17:238-43.
  2. Travers, D.A., Waller, A., Katznelson, J., Agans, R. (2009). Reliability and Validity of the Emergency Severity Index for Pediatric Triage. Academic Emergency Medicine, 16(9), 843-849.
  3. van der Wulp I, Sturms LM, Schrijvers AJ, van Stel HF. 2009. An observational study of patients triaged in category 5 of the Emergency Severity Index. European Journal of Emergency Medicine.
  4. Storm-Versloot MN, Ubbink DT, Chin a Choi V, Luitse JS. (2009). Observer agreement of the Manchester Triage System and the Emergency Severity Index: a simulation study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 26:556-60.
  5. van der Wulp I, Schrijvers AJ, van Stel HF. (2009). Predicting admission and mortality with the Emergency Severity Index and the Manchester Triage System: a retrospective observational study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 26:506-9.
  6. Durani Y., Brecher, D., Walmsley, D., Attia, M.W., Loiselle, J.M. (2009). The Emergency Severity Index version 4: reliability in pediatric patients. Pediatric Emergency Care, 9:504-7.
  7. Elshove-Bolk J, Mencl F, van Rijswijck BT, Simons MP, van Vugt AB. (2007). Validation of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) in self-referred patients in a European emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 24(3):170-4.
  8. Baumann M.R., Strout, T.D. (2007). Triage of geriatric patients in the emergency department: Validity and survival with the Emergency Severity Index. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 49:234-240.
  9. Ho, A., Tintinalli, J., Travers, D. (2007). Emergency severity index for psychiatric triage. Academic Emergency Medicine, 14(5): S135 (abstract).
  10. Tanabe P, Gilboy N, Travers D. (2007). Emergency Severity Index Version 4: Clarifying common questions. Journal of Emergency Nursing; 33(2): 182-185.
  11. Rosenau, A.M., Waller, A., Trcinski, D., Travers, D., Mecham, N., Katznelson, J., Hohenhaus, S., Eubanks, T., Rupp, V., Eitel, D.(2006). Is the Emergency Severity Index Reliable for Pediatric Triage?Annals of Emergency Medicine, 48(4S), 62-63 (abstract).
  12. Katznelson, J., Hohenhaus, S., Travers, D., Agans, R., Trocinski, D., Waller, A. (2006). Creation of a validated set of pediatric case scenarios for the Emergency Severity Index Triage System. Academic Emergency Medicine, 13(5S), 169 (abstract).
  13. Gilboy N, Tanbe, P, Travers DA. The Emergency Severity Index Version 4: changes to ESI level 1 and pediatric fever criteria. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2005 Aug;31(4):357-62
  14. Tanabe P, Travers D, Gilboy N, Rosenau A, Sierzega G, Rupp V, Martinovich and Adams JG. Refining emergency severity index triage criteria. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2005, 12:497-501.
  15. Gilboy N, Tanabe P, Travers DA, Rosenau AM, Eitel DR. Emergency Severity Index, Version 4: Implementation Handbook. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0046-2. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. May 2005. www.ahrq.gov/research/esi/
  16. Hinrichs, J, Dever, E, Wojner-Alexandrov. Emergency Severity Index intra- and inter-rater reliability in an infant sample: A pilot quality study. Journal of Emergency Nursing; 31(5):427 (abstract).
  17. Kyranou M, Chouta A, Georgiadis G, Oulousidis D, Tsiviki A. Implementing the Emergency Severity Index triage system in the homeland of Hippocrates. Journal of Emergency Nursing; 31(5):428 (abstract).
  18. Baumann MR, Strout, TD. Evaluation of the Emergency Severity Index (Version 3) triage algorithm in pediatric patients. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2005, 12(3):219-224.
  19. Brecher D. Reliability of the Emergency Severity Index in the Pediatric Population. Journal of Emergency Nursing; 30(5):402-403 (abstract).
  20. Worster A, Gilboy N, Fernandes C, Eitel D, Eva K, Geisler R, and Tanabe, P. Assessment of inter-observer reliability of two five-level triage and acuity scales: a randomized controlled trial. CJEM; 6:240-5. 2004.
  21. Tanabe, P, Gimbel, R, Yarnold, PR, Adams, JG. The Emergency Severity Index (version 3) 5-Level Triage System Scores Predict ED Resource Consumption. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2004 Feb: 30: 22-9.
  22. Tanabe, P, Gimbel, R, Yarnold PR, Kyriacou, DN, Adams, JG. Reliability and Validity of Scores on the Emergency Severity Index Version 3. Academic Emergency Medicine,2004; 11:59-65.
  23. Eitel D, Travers D, Rosenau A, Gilboy N, Wuerz R. The Emergency Severity Index Triage Algorithm Version 2 is Reliable and Valid. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2003; 10(10) 1070-1080.
  24. Travers DA, Waller AE, Bowling JM, Flowers D, Tintinalli J. Five-level triage system more effective than three-level in Tertiary Emergency Department. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2002; 28(5) 395-400.
  25. SoRelle R. Triaging triage: Singling out a national standard. Emergency Medicine News. 2002; July:32-34.
  26. Eitel DR, Travers D, Gilboy N, Rosenau A, Stair T, Wuerz RC. Implementation and validation of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage algorithm: ESI case mix (service mix) (abstract). Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2001; 38(4):S31-32.
  27. Eitel DR, Travers D, Gilboy N, Rosenau A, Stair T, Wuerz RC. Implementation and validation of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage algorithm: Resource intensity by triage level (abstract). Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2001; 38(4):S31.
  28. Eitel DR, Travers D, Gilboy N, Rosenau A, Stair T, Wuerz RC. Implementation and validation of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage algorithm: Admission rates by triage level (abstract). Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2001; 38(4):S31.
  29. Eitel DR, Travers D, Gilboy N, Rosenau A, Stair T, Wuerz RC. Implementation and validation of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage algorithm: Interater reliability (agreement) (abstract). Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2001; 38(4):S31.
  30. Zimmermann PG. The case for a universal, reliable 5-tier triage acuity scale for US emergency Departments. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2001;27(3)246-254.
  31. Rosenau AM, Nester BA, MacKenzie RS, Kostenbader JD, Wasser T, Weinstock MS. The correlation of an Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage tool with labor costs in the emergency department (abstract). Academic Emergency Medicine. 2001;8(5)479-480.
  32. Wuerz RC, Travers D, Gilboy N, Eitel DR, Rosenau A, Yazhari R. Implementation and refinement of the Emergency Severity Index. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2001;8(2)170-176.
  33. Walls RM. Dr. Richard Wuerz’s Emergency Severity Index. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2001;8(2)183-184.
  34. Wuerz R. Emergency Severity Index Triage category is associated with six-month survival. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2001;8(1)61-64.
  35. Wuerz RC, Milne LW, Eitel DR, Travers D, Gilboy N. Reliability and validity of a new five-level triage instrument. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2000;7(3):236-42.

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